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Krebs Cycle Keto Diet Mechanisms of Action Microbiome

Ketogenic Diet Mechanisms of Action

The ketogenic diet is best known as a high-fat, low-carbohydrate diet commonly used to treat drug-resistant epilepsy in children. Despite a ketogenic diet therapy’s ability to suppress refractory epilepsies for over a century, the underlying mechanisms of the ketogenic diet remain enigmatic. While the exact ketogenic diet mechanisms of action are not yet known, several…
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Antibiotic Resistance

Antibiotic Resistance and the Human Microbiome

Introduction Imagine the following scenario: You wake up on a cold winter morning feeling lethargic and slightly feverish and notice a tingling in your throat. On your way to work, you decide to pop into an urgent care clinic where the doctor, after a 10-minute checkup, prescribes a course of antibiotics for a supposed throat…
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Upscaled food for the planet

Upcycled Food: An Innovative Way to Combat Food Waste

In elementary school, the first environmental lesson you probably learned revolved around the importance of “the three R´s:” reduce, reuse, and recycle. Given the fact that U.S. children make up only 3.7 percent of children on the planet but have 47 percent of all toys and children’s books, the lesson of “reducing” the amount of…
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Hand Sanitizers COVID 19 Antimicrobials dangers

Hand Sanitizers, Antimicrobials, and the Human Microbiome

Before the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic in early 2020, most people probably didn’t have dozens of bottles of hand sanitizer sitting in their family medicine cabinet. You might have occasionally used hand sanitizer when you visited the doctor´s office or maybe during a trip overseas. On a day-to-day basis, most people probably washed their…
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gut microbiome

Gut Health 101: Gut Bacteria, the Gut Microbiota, and your Health

A few decades ago, most health recommendations were characterized by a general “germ phobia.” We knew that specific pathogens caused severe disease, so the obvious response was to combat those germs by every means possible. What followed was the complete sterilization of our lives, a collective overdose of antibiotics that has led to severe antimicrobial…
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keto diet and diabetes effects weight loss and insulin

Ketogenic Diet and Diabetes

According to recommendations made by international diabetes guidelines, the therapy of type 2 diabetes mellitus entails both pharmaceutical and lifestyle changes [1, 2, 3]  Nutritional recommendations frequently emphasize cutting back on excess carbohydrates and restricting fat intake to 20–35% of total calories, with a particular emphasis on reducing saturated fats. Conversely, some diets advocate substantially…
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Absorption, metabolism, excretion, and health outcomes of sugar alcohols

Absorption, metabolism, excretion, and health outcomes of sugar alcohols

Ketogenic Diet ResearchRafi, Z., Pendergrass, K. (2020) Absorption, metabolism, excretion, and health outcomes of various sugar alcohols. Ketogenic Diet Research. The Paleo Foundation.DOWNLOAD PDF Ketogenic Diet ResearchRafi, Z., Pendergrass, K. (2020) Absorption, metabolism, excretion, and health outcomes of various sugar alcohols. Ketogenic Diet Research. The Paleo Foundation.DOWNLOAD PDF November, 2019 KETOGENIC DIET RESEARCH Absorption, metabolism,…
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Prebiotic fiber, and why the “Just Eat Real Food” mantra isn’t as good as you think.

Prebiotic fiber: Why “Just Eat Real Food” isn’t as good of a mantra as you think.

Paleo Diet ResearchPendergrass, K. (2019) Prebiotic fiber, and why the “Just Eat Real Food” mantra isn’t as good as you think. An argument in support of processed, packaged foods. Microbiome Diet Research. The Paleo Foundation.DOWNLOAD PDF Paleo Diet ResearchPendergrass, K. (2019) Prebiotic fiber, and why the “Just Eat Real Food” mantra isn’t as good as…
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Best Alcoholic Beverages on a Keto Diet

Best Alcoholic Beverages on a Keto Diet

For many people on the ketogenic diet, enjoying a glass of wine or a few beers with some friends might have been a regular part of our past social lives. The 10-15 grams of carbohydrates in a normal bottle of beer, however, will obviously take up a notable portion of your carbohydrate “budget”, especially if…
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Woman on Ketogenic Diet Alcohol and Ketosis

Alcohol and Ketosis

Alcohol is one of the oldest and most widely consumed recreational psychoactive substances, and as we’ve argued previously, alcohol is clearly a part of an ancestral-type diet. By potentiating the effects of the gamma-aminobutyric (GABA) neurotransmitter and the binding to its receptor (GABA-A), it induces feelings of relaxation, euphoria, and decreases anxiety, among other cognitive…
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